Oil and gas companies today want faster returns on their investments and reduced risks. To get there, they are heading to new geographies, and advanced exploration and drilling technologies. Utilities, meanwhile, are layering value-added services onto their offerings and aligning themselves closer to the customers, and natural resources companies, like mine operators, want more engagement with local governments and communities. They all also are responding to challenges around price volatility, regulations, the environment, health and safety measures, and more demanding customers. In this Future of Industry series white paper, Wharton management professor Witold Henisz and Wipro Technologies’ senior vice president, Anand Padmanabhan, explore the opportunities and challenges ahead.