It’s not the millions of dollars that Fortune 500 companies are funneling into new diversity and inclusion efforts that excite Carla Harris, vice chairman and managing director at Morgan Stanley. Nor is it the endless conversations about racial equity and social injustice, which she’s heard for more than 30 years in corporate America.

No, this moment feels different. It feels more powerful.

“Back in the early ‘90s for corporate America and for Wall Street, people thought about diversity as the right thing to do or the moral thing to do,” Harris said. “Fast forward 30-plus years, people are starting to really think that it is a part of the strategy, it is a part of being able to innovate, it is a part of any organization’s future.”

This moment in the perpetual fight for fairness also feels different to Wes Moore, a former investment banker and entrepreneur who is now CEO of the anti-poverty nonprofit Robin Hood.

There is a greater sense of “shared complicity” in the creation of systemic racism, he said, and a deeper understanding that it will take everyone working together to dismantle it.

“There’s a hopefulness that I know I have now that, truthfully, I didn’t always have,” Moore said. “So, this moment is leaving me tentatively inspired.”

Wharton invited Moore and Harris to participate in a panel discussion about the role of companies and philanthropic organizations in addressing racial and social justice in the workplace. They were joined by panelist Dalila Wilson-Scott, who is executive vice president and chief diversity officer at Comcast Corp. and president of the Comcast NBCUniversal Foundation.

“The millennials and the [Generation] Zers are one of the primary reasons that this moment is different, because they have said no más.” –Carla Harris

The Nov. 10 discussion, titled “Race & Corporate Power,” was the second of three in the Beyond Business series, which tackles the complex and pressing issues affecting individuals and organizations across the world. Part of the School’s Tarnopol Dean’s Lecture Series, Beyond Business is streamed live on Wharton’s LinkedIn page and hosted by Wharton Dean Erika James. Katherina Rosqueta, founding executive director of Wharton’s Center for High Impact Philanthropy, served as moderator for the second discussion. (Watch a video of the session above.)

Wilson-Scott, who previously worked at J.P. Morgan, said strong leadership is critical to advancing diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI), especially for Fortune 50 companies that have vast resources and access to global talent. Collaboration is also key; companies need to build private-public partnerships and even invite industry competitors to sit down at the table and talk through what’s working and what should be done differently.

“When we think about our employee channel, our supply chain, our investments in businesses, there are so many ways that Fortune 50 companies can stand up in this moment,” she said. “That’s important to note, but we can never forget that it takes a true partnership across sectors to move forward.”

Money, Social Media, and Generation Z

Many large firms, including Morgan Stanley and Comcast, have launched or expanded multimillion-dollar DEI initiatives in the last six months as worldwide protests over the death of George Floyd, a Black man who was killed by police, drew attention to racial justice issues. James asked the panelists a tough question: Is this moment symbolic for companies to feel better about themselves, or will this become sustained change?

Harris said she believes the changes taking place now will have permanence because of one major reason — young people. They’re fed up with the status quo and committed to rewriting the narrative around DEI.

“The millennials and the [Generation] Zers are one of the primary reasons that this moment is different, because they have said no mas,” Harris said. “They are looking at people in positions of power and saying, ‘Really, you had 50 years to get this right, and we’re still dealing with this? How can that be?’”

Harris also pointed out how technology, especially social media, has empowered consumers to create like-minded communities. Businesses used to have three constituents: shareholders, employees, and customers. But she said social media has made “community” a fourth constituent, one that can use sheer numbers to effect change.

“Within seconds, you could have massive brand degradation. In seconds, you could lose billions of dollars of market cap,” she said, noting that companies have to work harder to attract and retain the digitally native and well-informed youth.

James, who is a mother of two teens and has spent her career around students, agreed that young consumers are “changing the conversation,” and sometimes there is a misalignment between what companies do and what young consumers want.

“We didn’t just arrive on this moment. We’re talking about centuries of injustices.” –Dalila Wilson-Scott

“They are walking with their feet and they are saying, ‘This matters to us and we are making choices about the kinds of organizations we want to be affiliated with,’” she said.

Wilson-Scott said she doesn’t want to see the momentum slow down as time marches away from the death of George Floyd. It will take uncomfortable conversations, accountability, and a lot of hard work to keep the pressure and focus on DEI efforts.

She said when managers leaned into the conversation this year, they heard some “shocking and surprising things” in listening sessions and safe-space discussions. Co-workers got to know each other in different ways and better understand their different perspectives.

“We didn’t just arrive on this moment. We’re talking about centuries of injustices,” she said. “Many Blacks in corporate America have to live in this duality to be successful.”

Wilson-Scott said those conversations must continue.

“We can’t think of this as a moment that will pass. We have to think of this as a moment and a challenge for us to do things differently. Employees are feeling that,” she said.

Harris agreed and said leaders must be intentional and vocal, no matter how uncomfortable, because their silence will be misconstrued as complicity.

“Now is the time to express your courage,” she said. “The strand that holds all of those pearls of intentional leadership together is courage.”

“If you’re not having a genuine conversation that includes the impacted population, your altruism will be viewed as something else.” –Wes Moore

Three Steps Toward Change

Moore offered three steps that leaders can take in their quest for workplace equity. First, be deliberate about cross-sector partnerships because they are one of the fastest and most effective ways to create change.

Second, make sure that the affected group is part of the conversation, not just the subject of the conversation. “If you’re not having a genuine conversation that includes the impacted population, your altruism will be viewed as something else,” he said, adding that inclusion helps managers guard against their own blind spots.

Third, Moore exhorted firms to scrutinize their internal practices through the lens of DEI — everything from wages to benefits to vendors and suppliers.

“Understand the uniqueness of your voice is going to be much more than just thinking about philanthropy,” he said, noting that actions that move a company toward genuine fairness are more powerful than “any press release” touting progress.

Moore also addressed a common refrain from companies that say they can’t find qualified minorities to hire or that they only hire the best, regardless of race, gender, or other diverse factors.

“You find what you’re looking for. There’s a lot of truth to that. We can look at a trading floor, and why is it that 30% of the trading floor played lacrosse,” he said. “It’s not that there is a lack of talent out there. There is no data that supports that statement.”

The next Beyond Business lecture, “Race & the Selling of America” will take place on LinkedIn Live in December.